Full-Stack Development has grabbed the spotlight in recent years. Indeed, there have been a lot of discussions regarding the future scope of full-stack developers and how their roles have changed in application development. Nowadays, full-stack developers are associated with a popular common phrase- ‘Jack of All Trades, King of One.’
However, the most encouraging fact about these professionals is that their demand is escalating with the passage of time. A survey states that 28% of experienced developers consider themselves full-stack technicians.
But let’s first define a full-stack developer. In simple language, he is a skilled programmer who possesses coding knowledge about both the front-end and back-end of the application.
The back-end or the server-side of the application is called the logic layer of the application. Back-end technology involves everything in the development process, which is not visible to an end-user. The key programming languages used here include Java, Ruby, .NET, Python, PHP, and others.
Besides these two couples of technologies, there is one more important layer known as the data layer or the subgroup of the logic layer. As the name suggests, this part basically deals with major databases such as MySQL, Oracle, SQL Server, and so on.
So, are you ready to kick-start your career as a full-stack developer? I’ll highlight a few facts that will certainly generate your interest. Full-stack development is one of the most lucrative job options where you can earn an average salary of $110,737 per year. Even if you are a fresher, you can earn about $58,000 a year.
Now, the question is, what does it take to gain expertise in full-stack programming?
First, things first, Know the Important Programming Languages
HTML and CSS
For instance, HTML is one of the most essential tools that assist developers in adding content to the website, while CSS helps in incorporating style to your content. You must have knowledge of Semantic HTML, CSS Box Models, CSS processors, and Bootstrap. HTML and CSS are taught in nearly all the courses when you learn full-stack development.
Learning Backend Technologies
Once you gain proficiency in HTML, CSS, and JavaScipt programming languages, the next target is to master your skills in coding languages. Note that you don’t have to learn all the backend technologies, but become the expert of any one language. The knowledge of backend language helps you easily handle things like database operations, user authentication, and application logic.
Different developers have their own preferred choices when it comes to learning back-end technologies. It is because here you also get a wide spectrum of options such as PHP, Java, and Python.
For example, Python is an interpreted, high-level general-purpose programming language that focuses on code readability and significant whitespace.
Similarly, PHP is a popular language used for developing web applications where the code is executed through the Command Interface Line (CLI) embedded into HTML code.
Databases and Web Storage
It’s important to get familiar with important databases and web storage options. You will be required to store data at some point in time during web development. Thus, it’s crucial to get a good grasp of relational data such as SQL, NoSQL like MongoDB, and understand the method of connecting the database with the preferred back-end language, for example, Node.js and MongoDB.
Apart from that you also need to learn about in-memory data stores such as Redis, web storage sessions, cookies, and cached data in the browser.
In the next step, you approach learning stateless application protocols such as HTTP that allows clients to communicate with the servers. Apart from that, it’s also essential to get familiar with web applications and architecture. This is where you learn complex web app development focusing on how to structure the codes and files along with hosting large media files.
Git is known as a version control system enabling the developers to work as a team and track all the changes made in the codebase. Git helps you in analyzing the important aspects that you have missed while coding and fixing the errors.
Another important factor that a software developer needs to note is to keep updating and refining your skills and knowledge. The technology trends keep on changing and you should always use the latest versions of all programming languages. You need to get practical exposure by taking different projects, which will enhance your experience.
Welcome to a Flourishing Career
The future for full-stack developers seems to be quite bright as top IT companies are looking for efficient technicians to cater to various projects. You may learn full-stack development by taking a professional course but will master the technology by undertaking assignments.